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2021年6月11日星期五

新利全站

以利沙凯恩

发布到海上沉思(通过2013年12月3日

美国海军医疗官兼北极探险家

伊莱沙·肯特·凯恩(1820-1857)出生于费城,1842年毕业于宾夕法尼亚大学医学院。作为一名医疗官员加入美国海军,他曾在1844年的中国商业条约使团、在非洲中队和在美墨战争期间的海军陆战队服役。他被任命为1850-51格林内尔北极探险队的高级医疗官员,寻找失踪的约翰·富兰克林爵士的探险队。他们在比奇岛找到了富兰克林的第一个冬营,但再也找不到富兰克林探险队了。凯恩组织并领导了第二次格林奈尔远征队的双桅帆船前进号,它于1853年5月31日离开纽约。从巴芬湾向北航行时,他发现了一片水域,他称之为皮博迪湾,并最终以他的名字命名——凯恩盆地,位于格陵兰岛和埃尔斯米尔岛之间。探险队在凯恩盆地南端附近的伦斯勒湾度过了冬天。1854年夏天,他们继续向北航行,绘制了海岸图,发现了通往北冰洋的肯尼迪海峡。在比以往任何西北极探险队都更北的地方探险后,他们开始返回。他们第二次在凯恩盆地过冬。 On 20 May 1855, they abandoned their ice-bound ship and retreated south, losing only one expedition member, but ruining Kane’s health. He returned to New York on 11 October 1855. His two-volume “Arctic Explorations” was a best-seller with a public enamored with the high north. He visited England in 1856 to fulfill a promise to report personally to Lady Franklin on efforts to locate her husband’s expedition. Due to Kane’s failing health, his doctor advised him to travel to Havana, Cuba. He died there on 16 February 1857. His body was taken by ship to New Orleans and then by train to Philadelphia. The train was met at every station along the way by a delegation of mourners. During his short life, Elisha Kane had been awarded medals by the United States Congress, the Royal Geographical Society, and the French Société de Géographie. The destroyer USS Kane (DD-235) and the oceanographic research ship USNS Kane (T-AGS-27) were named in his honor.

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